better known to children
Russian church music began with the famous chant that arose during the baptism of Russia. Its name is associated with the use of special notation signs – “banners” for its recording. Their intricate names are associated with a graphic image: a bench, a darling, a cup, two in a canoe, etc. Visually, banners (aka hooks) are a combination of dashes, dots, and commas. Each banner contains information about the duration of sounds, their number in a given motive, the direction of the melody and the characteristics of the performance. The intonations of the znamenny chant were assimilated by the singers and parishioners of the church according to rumors from the masters of znamenny singing, since the banners did not record the exact pitch of the sound. Only in the XVII century. the appearance in the texts of special cinnabar (red) droppings made available the designation of the pitch of the hooks. Continue reading
We immediately warn that it is very difficult to answer the question in one article what genres of music are. So many genres have accumulated in the history of music that one cannot even measure them with arshin: chorale, romance, cantata, waltz, symphony, ballet, opera, prelude, etc. For several decades, musicologists have been breaking their spears, trying to classify musical genres (by the nature of the content, by function, for example).
But before dwelling on typology, let us clarify the very concept of the genre.
WHAT IS A MUSIC GENRE?
Genre is a kind of model with which specific music is related. He has certain conditions of execution, purpose, form and nature of the content. So, the purpose of the lullaby is to calm the baby, so the “swaying” intonations and the characteristic rhythm are typical for her; on the march – all the expressive means of music are adapted to a clear step. Continue reading
So, the structure of chords is a topic that we will develop today. And, first of all, let’s turn to the definition of a chord, specify what it is. A chord is a consonance, a sound complex. In a chord, at least three sounds should be sounded at once or one after another, because harmonies in which only two sounds are called differently are intervals. And yet, the classic definition of a chord says that the sounds of a chord are either already arranged in thirds, or they can be arranged in thirds when rearranged.
This last point, just, is directly related to the structure of the chord. Since modern harmony has gone far ahead of the standards established by the music of classical composers, this last remark about the arrangement of sounds by chords in a chord is not applicable to some modern chords, since their structure is based on a different principle for constructing a chord. Continue reading