Tchaikovsky’s works for children
Petya, Petya, how could you! Exchange jurisprudence for a pipe! – the angry uncle of a negligent nephew, who quit the service of a titular adviser in the Ministry of Justice for the sake of serving Eutherpe, the patroness of music, was chastising with such words. And the name of his nephew was Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. And today, when the music of Pyotr Ilyich is known to the whole world, when international competitions are held to them. Tchaikovsky, in which academic musicians from all countries take part, it can be argued that it was not in vain that Petya abandoned jurisprudence. In the work of Pyotr Ilyich there are many serious works that won him worldwide fame, but he also wrote music that was understandable and accessible to children. Tchaikovsky’s works for children are familiar to many from early childhood. Who has not heard the song “The grass is green”? – She was hummed and hummed by many, often without suspecting that the music belongs to Tchaikovsky.
CHAIKOVSKY – MUSIC FOR CHILDREN’S CHILDREN’S ALBUM Pyotr Ilyich’s first appeal to children’s theme was his compilation of “Children’s Album”, which was created by the composer’s interaction with deaf-and-dumb boy Kolya Konradi, a pupil of his younger brother Modest Ilyich Tchaikovsky. The “Old French Song” and “The Song of Minstrels” from the opera Orleans Maiden are one and the same melody, which Tchaikovsky used an authentic medieval chorus of the 16th century. Dreamy and sincere music, reminiscent of an old ballad, evoking associations with paintings by old masters, in a unique way recreates the flavor of France of the Middle Ages. So cities with castles, streets paved with stone, where people in old clothes live, and knights rush to the princesses rescue. And the “March of Wooden Soldiers” has a completely different attitude. A clear rhythm and bright sound, in which a dry drum roll is heard, create the image of a detachment of marching soldiers, harmoniously printing a step. The brave commander in front, drummers in the ranks, medals shine on the soldiers’ chests and a flag proudly flutters over the ranks. “Children’s Album” was written by Tchaikovsky for children’s performance. And today in music schools, acquaintance with the work of Pyotr Ilyich begins precisely with these works.
16 SONGS FOR CHILDREN Speaking of Tchaikovsky’s music for children, one cannot but mention 16 songs that have been familiar to everyone since childhood. In 1881, the poet Pleshcheyev presented Peter Ilyich a collection of his poems “Snowdrop”. It is possible that the book was the impetus for writing children’s songs. These songs are intended for children to listen to, and not for performance. It is enough to cite the first lines of the song “Spring” so that it immediately becomes clear what works are in question: “The grass is green, the sun is shining”. “Snow Maiden” Which of the children does not know Ostrovsky’s fairy tale “Snow Maiden”? But the fact that it was Tchaikovsky who wrote the music for the performance is known to a much smaller number of children. “The Snow Maiden” is a true masterpiece in the work of Pyotr Ilyich: a wealth of colors, full of light and fabulous colorful images. When Tchaikovsky wrote the music for The Snow Maiden, he was 33 years old, but even then he was a professor at the Moscow Conservatory. Not bad, right? He chose the “pipe” and became a professor, and could be an ordinary titular adviser. “Seasons” For each play, and there are 12 in all, Tchaikovsky chose epigraphs from the work of Russian poets.
The music of “January” is preceded by lines from the Pushkin poem “At the Kamelka”, “February” – lines from the poem of Vyazemsky “Shrovetide”. And each month has its own picture, its own plot. In May it is white nights, in August a harvest, and in September a hunt. “Eugene Onegin” Is it possible to keep silent about a work such as “Eugene Onegin”, better known to children as Pushkin’s novel, fragments of which they are forced to study at school? Contemporaries did not appreciate the opera. It was only in the 20th century that Stanislavsky breathed new life into the opera Eugene Onegin. And today this opera is successfully and triumphantly going on both the theatrical stages of Russia and Europe. “Queen of Spades” And again – Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin, because the opera was written based on his work. And the opera was ordered by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky by the Directorate of the Imperial Theaters. “Three, seven, ace!” – the words of the countess’s ghost, which Herman repeated and repeated as a spell, because she promised him three consecutive wins. Among the works of Tchaikovsky for children, “Children’s Album” and “16 Songs for Children”, of course, received great fame. But in the works of Pyotr Ilyich there are many works that cannot be unambiguously called “Tchaikovsky’s music for children”, but, nevertheless, they are equally interesting for adults and children — the music for the ballets Sleeping Beauty, The Nutcracker, operas “Iolanta”, “Cherevichki” and many others.