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Female voice mezzo-soprano. How to identify it when learning vocal skills

The voice of mezzo-soprano is rarely found in nature, but it has a very beautiful, rich and velvety sound. Finding a singer with such a voice is a great success for the teacher, this voice is widely used on the opera stage, and in various areas of music. Mezzo-soprano with a beautiful timbre is easier to enter music schools, and then find a job in the opera house, because there are always not enough singers with mezzo-soprano and there are not so many of them as women with high singing voices. From the article you will learn how a beautiful female voice is formed and where you can find him a worthy application.

WHAT DISTINCES TO MEZZO-SOPRANO FROM OTHER VOICES

In the Italian school, the voice is called that opens a third below the dramatic soprano. Translated into Russian, “mezzo-soprano” means “a little soprano”. It has a beautiful velvety sound and is not revealed on the upper notes, but on the middle section of the range, from la small octave to la second. When singing higher notes, the rich, mellow timbre of mezzo-soprano loses its characteristic color, becomes dull, sharp and colorless, unlike sopranos, whose voice begins to open on the upper notes, acquiring a beautiful head sound. Although in the history of music examples of mezzo are known, which could not lose their beautiful timbre even at the top notes and soprano parts could be easily sung. In an Italian school, mezzo may sound like a lyric-dramatic or dramatic soprano, but in terms of range it can be about a third lower than these voices. In the Russian opera school, this voice is distinguished by a rich and rich timbre, sometimes reminiscent of contralto – the lowest voice in women that can sing tenor parts.

Therefore, mezzo-sopranos with insufficiently deep and expressive timbre are classified as sopranos, which often make up a lot of difficulties for this voice. Therefore, many girls with such voices go to the stage and jazz, where they can sing in their own tessitura. The formed mezzo-soprano can be divided into lyrical (close to soprano) and dramatic. In the choir, the lyrical mezzo-sopranos sing the part of the first viola, and the dramatic – the second, along with contralto. In the folk choir, they play the parts of viola, and in the pop and jazz direction, mezzo-soprano is appreciated for its beautiful timbre and expressive low notes. By the way, many contemporary performers on the foreign stage are distinguished by a characteristic mezzo-soprano timbre despite a different sound supply.

THE FOLLOWING DISTINCTIONS OF MEZZO-SOPRANO FROM OTHER VOTES ARE THE FOLLOWING SIGNS:

In the upper parts of the range, mezzo-soprano becomes inexpressive and loses a beautiful timbre. Soprano in this part of the range is only gaining beauty and expressiveness of voice (approximately from the salt of the first octave to the second second). The range from do-re of the second octave to fa may not be working at all, which is not typical for sopranos. Low notes are not difficult and sound beautiful and deep, unlike sopranos, which are difficult to sing these notes. Sometimes on such notes as a la and the salt of a small octave, the soprano loses the expressiveness of the voice and these notes hardly sound.

WHY MEZZO-SOPRANO IS DIFFICULT TO DETERMINE

This voice is the most controversial among teachers because it is very difficult to identify in children and adolescents. Mezzo-soprano is formed later than other voices, so girls with an unformed voice in the choir are put in the second and even in the first soprano, which is very difficult for them and can even discourage interest in classes. Sometimes high children’s voices after a transitional age acquire a characteristic mezzo-soprano sound, but more often mezzo-sopranos are obtained from violas. You can accurately determine the mezzo-soprano by 18 or 19 years. But here, teachers can make mistakes. The fact is that not all mezzo-sopranos have a bright and expressive velvet timbre, like opera singers. Often they sound beautiful, but dim in the first octave and after it, only because their timbre is not as strong and expressive as that of celebrities of world scale. Opera voices with such a timbre are not often found in nature, so girls who do not comply with opera requirements are automatically assigned to sopranos. But in fact, their voice is simply not expressive enough for the opera. In this case, the range, not the timbre, will be decisive. This is why mezzo-soprano is difficult to determine the first time. In children under 10 years old, it is already possible to assume the further development of mezzo-soprano in the chest timbre and undeveloped upper register of the voice. Sometimes, closer to the transitional age, the pitch and expressiveness of the voice begins to decline and at the same time the chest register of the voice expands. But the exact result will be visible after 14 or 16 years, and sometimes even later.

FAMOUS SINGERS – LIST

Mezzo-soprano is in demand not only in opera. In folk singing, jazz and pop, there are many singers with such a voice, the timbre and range of which allows women to find worthy use.

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