Musical literature Main musical genres
Today’s post is devoted to the topic – the main musical genres. To begin with, let’s decide what we will consider the musical genre. After that, genres proper will be named, and in the end you will learn not to confuse the “genre” with other phenomena in music. So, the word “genre” is of French origin and from this language it is usually translated as “species” or genus. Consequently, a musical genre is a kind or, if you like, a kind of musical composition. No more and no less.
WHAT DO MUSICAL GENRES BETWEEN BETWEEN YOURSELF?
But how does one genre differ from another? Of course, not just the name. Remember the four main parameters that help to identify a particular genre and not confuse it with any other, similar type of composition. These are: a type of artistic and musical content; style features of this genre; the life purpose of the works of this genre and their role in society; conditions in which it is possible to perform and listen to (view) a musical work of a particular genre. What does all this mean? Well, for example, take as an example such a genre as “waltz”. A waltz is a dance, and that already says a lot. Since this is a dance, it means that the music of the waltz is not played every time, but precisely when it is necessary to dance (this is about the conditions of performance). Why dance a waltz? Sometimes for fun, sometimes just to enjoy the beauty of plastic, sometimes because waltz dancing is a tradition of the holiday (this is to the thesis about life’s purpose). The waltz as a dance is characterized by whirling, lightness, and therefore it also has the same melodic whirling and graceful rhythmic three-partness, in which the first beat is strong as a jerk, and the two are weak, flying (this has to do with stylistic and substantive moments )
BASIC MUSICAL GENRES
All genres of music with a large degree of conventionality can be divided into four categories: theatrical, concert, public, and cult-ritual genres. Consider each of these categories individually and list the main musical genres that are included there. Theater genres (the main ones are opera and ballet, in addition, operettas, musicals, musical dramas, vaudeville and musical comedies, melodramas, etc.) Concert genres (these are symphonies, sonatas, oratorios, cantatas, trios, quartets and quintets, suites, concerts, etc.) Massive everyday genres (here, mainly, we talk about songs, dances and marches in all their diversity) Cultural and ritual genres (those genres that are associated with religious or holiday ceremonies – for example: Christmas carols, Pancake week songs, wedding and funeral e weeping, spells, bell ringing, troparia and kondaky, etc.) We named almost all the main musical genres (opera, ballet, oratorio, cantata, symphony, concert, sonata – these are the largest). They really are the main ones and therefore it is not surprising that each of the named genres has several varieties. And yet …
Do not forget that the division of genres between these four classes is very arbitrary. It so happens that genres wander from one category to another. For example, this happens when the real genre of musical folklore is recreated by the composer on the opera stage (as in Rimsky-Korsakov’s opera The Snow Maiden), or in some concert genre — for example, in the finale of the 4th Symphony of Tchaikovsky it’s quoted famous folk song. See for yourself! If you find out what this song is – write its name in the comments! P.I. Tchaikovsky Symphony No. 4 – final (votes: 10, average: 3.10 out of 5)