fit your music
Russian church music began with the famous chant that arose during the baptism of Russia. Its name is associated with the use of special notation signs – “banners” for its recording. Their intricate names are associated with a graphic image: a bench, a darling, a cup, two in a canoe, etc. Visually, banners (aka hooks) are a combination of dashes, dots, and commas. Each banner contains information about the duration of sounds, their number in a given motive, the direction of the melody and the characteristics of the performance. The intonations of the znamenny chant were assimilated by the singers and parishioners of the church according to rumors from the masters of znamenny singing, since the banners did not record the exact pitch of the sound. Only in the XVII century. the appearance in the texts of special cinnabar (red) droppings made available the designation of the pitch of the hooks. Continue reading
We immediately warn that it is very difficult to answer the question in one article what genres of music are. So many genres have accumulated in the history of music that one cannot even measure them with arshin: chorale, romance, cantata, waltz, symphony, ballet, opera, prelude, etc. For several decades, musicologists have been breaking their spears, trying to classify musical genres (by the nature of the content, by function, for example).
But before dwelling on typology, let us clarify the very concept of the genre.
WHAT IS A MUSIC GENRE?
Genre is a kind of model with which specific music is related. He has certain conditions of execution, purpose, form and nature of the content. So, the purpose of the lullaby is to calm the baby, so the “swaying” intonations and the characteristic rhythm are typical for her; on the march – all the expressive means of music are adapted to a clear step. Continue reading
Even in ancient India, there were peculiar ideas about the close relationship of music and color. In particular, the Indians believed that each person has his own melody and color. The brilliant Aristotle claimed in the treatise “On the Soul” that the correlation of colors is similar to musical harmonies. The Pythagoreans preferred white, as the dominant one in the Universe, and the colors of the spectrum in their view corresponded to seven musical tones.
The colors and sounds in the cosmogony of the Greeks are active creative forces. In the XVIII century, the monk scientist L. Castel decided to construct a “color harpsichord”. Pressing a key would present the gaze of the listener with a bright color spot in a special window above the instrument in the form of a colored moving ribbon, flags shining with various colors of precious stones, illuminated by torches or candles to enhance the effect. Composers Rameau, Telemann and Gretry reacted with attention to the ideas of Castel. At the same time, he was sharply criticized by encyclopedists, who considered the analogy “seven gamma sounds – seven spectrum colors” to be untenable. Continue reading